Saturday, September 26, 2009

2nd fungi series from North Korea.

This is second issuance from North Korea regard to the fungi stamp series. They also issue in 4 souvenir sheet contain each stamps in one sheet.
Upper direction of stamps depicted Gomphus floccosus, and Morchella esculenta. Meanwhile bottom direction of stamps depicted Cortinarius purpurascens and Oudemansiella platyphylla.

Gomphus floccosus
, is a cantharelloid mushroom. The mycological characteristics are orange-capped vase- or trumpet-shaped fruiting structures may reach 20 cm high and 15 cm wide; though mild tasting, they cause gastrointestinal symptoms of nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea when consumed .This species forms ectomycorrhizal relationships with various types of conifer; fruiting bodies may be found in coniferous woodlands across Eastern Asia, from Korea to Pakistan, and in North America, more frequently in the west, in late summer and autumn.

Morchela esculenta is one species of genus Morchella, is a genus of edible mushrooms closely related to anatomically simpler cup fungi. These distinctive mushrooms appear honeycomb-like in that the upper portion is composed of a network of ridges with pits between them. The fruit bodies of the Morchella are highly polymorphic in appearance, exhibiting variations in shape, color and size. Mycological characteristics are Cap is conical or ovate, smooth hymenium with irregular attachment, lacks a stipe, spore print is cream or yellow, ecology is mycorrhizal or saprotrophic, and edible. Morchella species are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat indigestion, phlegm, croup, and shortness of breath. Yellow morels (Morchella esculenta) are more commonly found under deciduous trees rather than conifers.

Cortinarius purpurascens, is one fungi species of the genus Cortinarius, has a beautiful pattern of purple mushroom brown umbrella and the swollen base of the stem. Cortinarius is suspected to be the largest genus of agarics, containing over 2000 different species and found worldwide. A common feature among all species in the genus Cortinarius is that young specimens have a cortina (veil) between the cap and the stem, hence the name. All also have a rusty brown spore print. All mushrooms in this genus form mycorrhizae.

Oudemansiella platyphylla, is one fungi species of the genus Oudemansiella. As the Agaricales mushrooms are often those with the fold on the back of the umbrella which make up sparsely with a thickness of a fold and pack closely without gaps from the fold are small. As the name implies, is a broad fold compared to the thickness of the meat of the umbrella has a unique presence alone there has also been decorated with a gray border. On the other hand, the surface of the fibre pattern umbrella of chic. Ecology is saprophyte and indistinct of edibility because this species shall treated as a poison food poisoning bacteria .This species occurs near the ground dead wood or wood-rotting fungi probably hardwood.

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