Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Pigeon bird (Dove) – Botswana

In relation with the celebration of Christmas season,  Botswana Post issued stamp set feature Dove bird on December 20, 2005. The species depicted are Namaqua dove, Red-eyed dove, Laughing dove, and Green Pigeon. The issue consist of 4 postage stamp with non uniform face value.

The Namaqua Dove is a tiny sparrow-sized pigeon, typically 22 cm in length with a 28–33 cm wingspan, and weighing 40g. It has a very long black tapered tail.The plumage is mostly grey apart from a white belly, and chestnut primary feathers which are visible in flight.The adult male has a black face, throat and breast, and a yellow and red beak. The adult female lacks the black and has a red-based grey bill.

The Namaqua Dove (Oena capensis) is a small pigeon. It is the only species in the genus Oena.The dove is a widespread resident breeding bird in Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar with its range extending into the Arabian Peninsula southern Israel, Jordan and as far north as Turkey.The dove is quite terrestrial, and usually forages on open ground and roadsides. The food is almost exclusively minute seeds, such as those of grasses, sedges and weeds.

imageThe Red-eyed Dove (Streptopelia semitorquata) is a widespread resident breeding pigeon  in Africa south of the Sahara. Red-eyed Doves eat grass seeds, grains and other vegetation. They often forage on the ground.They are not particularly gregarious and often feed alone or in pairs.Sexes are similar, but juveniles are duller than adults, and have scalloping on the body feathers.
Red-eyed Dove is a largish, stocky pigeon, typically 34cm in length. Its back, wings and tail are pale brown. When flying, it shows blackish flight feathers. The head and under-parts are dark vinous-pink, shading to pale grey on the face. There is a black hind neck patch edged with white. The legs and a patch of bare skin around the eye are red.
The Laughing Dove (Stigmatopelia senegalensis) is a small pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in the tropics in Africa south of the Sahara, the Middle East and southern Asia east to India.
It is a common and widespread species in scrub, dry farmland and habitation over a good deal of its range, often becoming very tame.Laughing Doves eat grass, seeds, grains, other vegetation and small insects. They are fairly terrestrial, foraging on the ground in grasslands and cultivation.
The Laughing Dove is a long-tailed, slim pigeon, typically 25 centimetres  in length. Its back, wings and tail are reddish-brown with blue-grey in the wings. In flight, the underwings are rich chestnut.The head and under-parts are pinkish, shading to whitish on the lower abdomen. There is black spotting on the throat. The legs are red.

Green Pigeon is a genus of bird in the pigeon family Columbidae. The genus is distributed across Asia and Africa. This genus contains 23 species, remarkable for their green coloration, which comes from a carotenoid pigment in their diet.
Green pigeons have diets of various fruit, nuts, and/or seeds. They dwell in trees and occupy a variety of wooded habitats. Members of this genus can be further grouped into species with long tails, medium-length tails, and wedge-shaped tails. In most green pigeon species, males and females can be told apart by their different coloration.

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