Sunday, March 4, 2012

Tornjak - Bosnian Herzegovinian Croatian shepherd dog

Bosnia  & Herzegovina  Croatian Post Mostar  issued stamp set composed  of 4 postage stamps, features the endemic species of Bosnia & Herzegovina and Croatia, Tornjak on February 22, 2007.
The Tornjak is a mountain sheep dog native to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and is a very healthy breed. They  do not need so much proteins in the food. For feeding Tornjaks a low protein diet is suitable. Too high a protein content can lead to the development of coat problems.

Tornjaks are large and powerful dogs, with well proportioned, almost square bodied features and agile movements. The bodies of these dogs are strong and well built, with harmonious and dignified movements. They have long and thick double coat which a thick undercoat for  adequately protects  against poor weather conditions. The dogs typically possess shaggy tails, kept high like a flag.
Tornjaks can be either solid colored or multi-colored, usually the color white predominates. The color of Tornjaks is unrestricted, all colors are accepted. It ranges from nearly completely white to almost black, with yellow, red, brown and not-quite-desired gray in between. There are two main types: piebald and Irish spotting. Originally, it was made a goal to breed varying colors and patterns so shepherds could distinguish their dogs easily from a distance. Breeders also strife towards distinction compared to other breeds.
Tornjaks learn quickly and do not forget easily; they happily perform tasks and are therefore easy to train. A Tornjak's exercise levels are usually not demanding, especially in the first 9 – 12 months..They prefer long walks without a leash and a lot of playing with other dogs. At least a 20 minute walks if the owner in hurry. They are  strong and hardy, during the snowy winter nights, these dogs lie on the ground and  used for herding and protection of livestock.

Tornjaks have a clear, self-confident, serious and calm disposition and  not recommended for apartment life. They need space and will do best with at least a large yard.  This breed of dog is best suited to a family with lots of space surrounding the home where it can attend to its own exercise needs.
Tornjak needs early socialization. Early experiences, before 9 months of age, have a very significant effect throughout the dog's life. They need to be confronted with all potentially fearful stimuli . traffic noise, big trucks and buses will provoke fear reactions in adulthood, . In this early age all Tornjak puppies have to meet as many strange people as possible, and also other animals, dogs, and pets especially, for developing a good and stable behaviour as an adult. No special training or equipment is needed.
A typical adult Tornjak is very calm, peaceful, on first sight an indifferent animal, but when the situation demands it, it is a vigilant, a very alert watchdog. The character of Tornjak is equal to the temperament, they are not nervous and not aggressive in general, they are very tough, not demanding, and sturdy dogs.

With their human family they are very emotional. When the Tornjak live in a pack they are highly social animals, and there is not any fighting between pack members. Toward strangers or other animals, as a rule, Tornjak is not emphasized aggressive. But when the situation calls upon it, Tornjak acts very determined and it can without consideration attack much stronger rivals.

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