Friday, October 29, 2010

Woodland Spring Flowers of Estonia

On year 2004, Estonia Post issued stamp series featured the spring flower which grown in the Estonian woods. The depicted flower are the common dog-violet (Viola riviniana), the wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa),the common hepatica (Hepatica nobilis),the common globeflower (Trollius europaeus) .
The Common dog-violet (Viola riviniana), can be seen flowering on moist soils in woods and in wooded meadows from the middle of May. The violet (Viola) is a genus of flowering herbs of about 500 species. Fifteen species grow naturally in Estonia.
The wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa) blossoms in Estonian woods in the early spring. The anemone (Anemone) is a genus of poisonous perennials from the family Ranunculacae and it has nearly 150 species all growing in the northern hemisphere. The flowers are simple, mostly with white or blue petals and grow singly at the tip of high stem.
The Common hepatica (Hepatica nobilis) open in the early spring in decisious and mixed forests. The plant is poisonous before the growth of new leaves and has been used in folk medicine in earlier times. The hepatica (Hepatica) is a genus (family Ranunculaceae) of perennials of about ten species from the family Ranunculacae and it has about 10 species in the temperate zone of Eurasia and North America.
The common globeflower (Trollius europaeus) mainly grows in the meadows and wooden meadows of mainland Estonia. Globeflowers are poisonous plants.The globeflower (Trollius) is another genus of perennials from the family Ranunculaceae; there are 25 species mainly growing in the Arctic and temperate zones of the northern hemisphere.

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